MALOLOS, JANUARY 31, 1899
[Contemporary copy in Spanish. P. I. R. Books, C. 1.]
MALOLOS, January 31, 1899.
To Sr. ANANIAS DIOKNO.
My DEAR FRIEND AND COUNTRYMAN: The President has been pleased
to transmit to the Government your favor and by it I have more fully
informed myself of the events taking place there.
About affairs at Capiz, we are entirely at ease, because we knew
from the beginning that you directed them and were regulating everything;
but those at Iloilo give us serious uneasiness, not because they are
in more danger from the Yankee squadron but because they might lack in
the supreme moment the requisite unity of action. About you own chiefs
I shall say nothing, because if you have had the necessary self denial to
continue the struggle as far as that ignoring the dangers from the sea,
you undoubtedly will know how to sacrifice everything for our ideals.
Our enemies, who were our friends formerly, are much put out, completely
surprised by the uniform attitude of the people of Iloilo and of
the forces under your orders. As a conflict with its disastrous effects
offers advantages to no one, they perhaps may not provoke one while
means may be found of weakening and subjugating us, and of those means
the most powerful would be without doubt the dissolution of our union.
The government rejects entirely any idea of harshness and force and
also anything like a threat against the Visayans, because the foreigners
would immediately comment thereon and would invoke it to publish to our
own people as to the foreign that the object of those of Luzon is to
dominate the other islands under the pretext of a democratic government
and above all because such a course would contrary to the sentiments
of a democratic heart.
In the face of these considerations the Government has found itself
compelled on principle to accept the acts accomplished, means to
conciliate the Visayans so long as they may be for the salvation of the
constitution and our organic decrees. Therefore it is that we have sent
the instructions, a copy of which is enclosed. On the 24th we sent a
communication, empowering the Federal Council to name commissioners
to take charge of the elections in those provinces when they have not yet
taken place, and to administer the oath to those elected in order that they
may be able to take possession of their offices and fill them provisionally
until this government, having received the returns, can send them their
After all the government cannot do less than manifest its satisfaction
with your most correct attitude and congratulate you on your firmness
in the fulfillment of your duties. You have not recognized the Federal
Council of Iloilo for want of instructions from the Government and applaud
you for it; and you are in that city face to face with the Yankee
fleet undaunted by its menacing presence and ready to defend till death
an integral portion of our country and the honor of our flag; and I
applaud you for that much more. Continue entirely in that attitude which
is the will of the people. Do not let our Visayan brothers say that the
people of Luzon have sent them for their succor the dregs of their soldiery.
In the name of the Government I pray that you give to those there
all the assistance they may need, to the end that they may understand
that your object is to help them and to insure them liberty and by that
means establish national consolidation. For there is no other way of
doing than to treat them in the best possible manner as guests who help
them in their well being.
And then, when your most noble mission is accomplished, come back
to the bosom of your own beloved province, and you will have the inexpressible
pride of having helped more than anybody in the emancipation
of the Visayas, an important section of the Philippines and the Government
can never forget your most meritorious services and those of your
companions in toil, whom I salute with all my heart.