MALOLOS, JANUARY 27, 1899
[Contemporary copy in Spanish. P. I. R. , Books. C. 1 . ]
MALOLOS, January 27, 1899.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE COMMISSION GOING TO VISAYAS.
Upon the formation of the new cabinet, it addressed a letter dated the
4th instant to General Martin Delgado, informing him that the government
was disposed to accept provisionally the form of government which
the Visayans might establish suitable to their necessities upon the basis
of a Republic, charging him to make the same known to the council
which may have been formed in Iloilo and in Negros, to the end that
the inhabitants of these islands might understand that the central government sacrificed everything for national unity, the strongest bulwark
against the ambitions of the strong.
Since then documentary notice in detail has been received of the
constitution of the Federal Council of Iloilo and of the Cantonal government
of the Island of Negros, and besides the Congress wherein are provisionally
represented the Visayas and Mindanao has decreed the political
constitution of the State, establishing a unitarian republic, though under
a provisional character until ratified by the true representatives of those
Islands elected therein.
In view of these difficulties, the Government seeking a satisfactory
solution of so important and delicate a question, and avoiding anything
that might place the integrity of the nation in danger and encourage the
incendiary torch wielded by the ambitious foreigner; confides more than
ever in the undoubted patriotism of the Visayans, in their intelligence
and sound sense so amply proven, and in their adhesion to the National
Government exhibited so many times, has thought it expedient to commission
the lawyer Sr. Jose Ner that, arriving at an understanding with
the well known patriot Sr. Raymundo Melliza and appealing for his
efficient co-operation, he propose to the Federal Council of Iloilo and to
the Cantonal Government of the Island of Negros the carrying out of
the following arrangement:
1. Oath of allegiance to the constitution and the proclamation of the
Philippine Republic throughout the Visayan Islands and the inauguration
in the province of Panay and Negros of the regime established by the
decree of June 18, last, already adopted in the other islands.
2. The election by three military commissioners designated by the
Federal Council in Panay, two military commissioners designated by the
Cantonal Government of Negros and one Military Commissioner designated
by the provincial council of Cebu, of a Commanding General for all
the Visayas and of a superior military chief in each of the provinces of
the three islands cited. When said chiefs are elected each of them will
submit to this government a general recommendation of the chiefs and
officials under his orders, for the purpose of issuing the respective commissions.
3. The creation of a council of delegates of the Visayas similar to
the Board of Defence created in Mindanao, consisting of two delegates
named by the provincial council with the concurrence of the Superior Military Chief of each province, the Commanding general of the Visayas presiding.
This Council will fix its place of residence on any of said islands.
The Council shall exercise the delegation of the National Government
until such time as the independence of the Philippines is recognized in all
matters pertaining to the adoption of measures and resolutions conducive
to the defense and security of the islands and to the inspector of all
branches of the public administration. It shall also be charged with the
supreme direction of the same and shall determine upon all the questions
submitted by provincial authorities by delegation of the National Government,
when for any cause communication with the same is interrupted.
In all cases the resolutions of the Board shall be provisional, until
approved by the National Government.
MALOLOS, January 27, 1899.